“I was at the door of my shop and saw a fireball come out of the restaurant. Then, there were body parts on the ground,” he told AFP, a red keffiyeh headscarf wrapped around his face to help fend off the cold winter air.
The four Americans killed in the blast were two soldiers, a civilian defense department employee and a Pentagon subcontractor.
The US Defense Department has previously reported only two American personnel killed in combat in Syria, in separate incidents.
The attack came as tensions between Washington’s Syrian Kurdish ground partner and its NATO ally Turkey flare.
Ankara views the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) as a
“terrorist offshoot” of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has
waged a deadly insurgency for self-rule in southeastern Turkey since
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has threatened an all-out offensive to clear the group from its border.
At the town’s entrance, security checkpoints manned by forces of the
US-backed Manbij Military Council meticulously check vehicles and the
IDs of people entering and exiting the town. Regular patrols move
through the streets.
But for Malek Al-Hassan, it is not enough.
The 45-year-old was in the market that day to buy books for his children.
“When the explosion happened, I don’t know how we managed to escape,” he says.
“We hope the forces will be more vigilant at the roadblocks, and that
they will work hard to prevent these infiltrators from committing these
acts of sabotage,” he says.
After sweeping across swathes of Syria and Iraq in 2014, the militants’
cross-border “caliphate” has been erased by multiple offensives and is
now confined to a tiny embattled enclave in eastern Syria close to the
But despite the stinging defeats, Daesh has proved it is still capable
of carrying out deadly attacks using hideouts in the sprawling desert or
sleeper cells in the towns.
One day after the blast, Naassan Dandan’s eyes well up with tears when he remembers the attack.
“I was outside when the explosion happened and was thrown to the
ground,” says the man in his 40s, still clearing shards of glass from
his nearby photography studio.
On the walls of his shop, child portraits he has taken throughout his career are covered in black dust.
“I saw the bodies — the dead and the wounded,” he says, as two young passers-by stop to lend a hand with the clean up.
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